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Stock prices were mixed in January as prices surged, thanks to strong economic news, only to retreat sharply in the second half due to concerns of the potential economic impact of the coronavirus.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped one percent, while the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index lost nearly 0.2 percent. The NASDAQ Composite, however, managed to post a gain of 1.99 percent.1
On the first day of trading in the new year, the major indices posted record highs. Those gains were erased on fears of a potential military conflict following an American drone strike that killed Iran’s top general.
The January 15 signing of the “Phase One” trade agreement between the U.S. and China removed some uncertainty from the market, lifting investors’ hopes that global economic growth would accelerate. This, coupled with strong economic data, especially a surge in home building, helped send stocks to record highs.
But news of the spreading coronavirus stoked global economic fears and affected stocks in a broad cross-section of industries, including energy, travel, airlines, and gaming.
With more cases reported in the U.S. – and China’s struggles to contain the outbreak – stocks trended lower at the end of the month. The selling accelerated on the final day of trading, pushing the Dow Industrials and S&P 500 into the red for January.
Industry sector performance was mixed, with gains in Communication Services (+2.37 percent), Consumer Staples (+1.56 percent), Industrials (+1.85 percent), Real Estate (+3.65 percent), Technology (+7.27 percent), and Utilities (+7.64 percent), while losses were posted in Consumer Discretionary (-0.19 percent), Energy (-7.60 percent), Financials (-0.26 percent), Health Care (-0.49 percent), and Materials (-3.35 percent).2
In the month ahead, investors are expected to monitor the start of the Democratic primary season. With the Democratic National Convention planned for July 13th, all eyes remain fixed on March 3rd, often called Super Tuesday, when 14 states will hold their primaries.3
Early wins in Iowa and New Hampshire can be important, but don’t necessarily translate into a presidential nomination.
Regardless, the results of these early primaries may provide insight into voter behavior, which may help reduce investor uncertainty.
Concerns over the coronavirus outbreak dragged international markets lower, resulting in a loss of 1.86 percent in the MSCI-EAFE Index.4
Major markets in Europe were broadly lower, with France declining 2.87 percent; Germany, 2.02 percent; the United Kingdom, 3.51 percent. Pacific Rim stocks also sank, as Hong Kong slumped 6.67 percent and Japan retreated 1.91 percent.5
Even though the initial estimate of fourth-quarter GDP growth posted an annualized increase of 2.1 percent,6 the U.S. economy expanded at its slowest annual rate since 2016.
Employers added 145,000 new jobs in December, which fell short of market expectations. The unemployment rate stayed steady at 3.5 percent, but wage gains cooled, rising 2.9 percent from a year earlier, their slowest pace since July 2018.7
Retail sales rose 0.3 percent during the final month of the year.8 The National Retail Federation, a retail industry trade group, reported a 4.1-percent jump in holiday sales versus December 2018.9
Output at the nation’s factories, mines, and utilities faced a 0.3-percent decline, despite an uptick of 0.2 percent in manufacturing.10
Housing starts surged 16.9 percent, touching levels not seen since December 2006. Housing starts were also 40.8 percent higher versus December 2018.11
Sales of existing homes rose 3.6 percent month-over-month and were higher by 10.8 percent versus December 2018.12
However, new home sales declined for the third straight month in December, falling 0.4 percent.13
Prices of consumer goods rose 0.2 percent in December. Inflation ticked up by 0.1 percent, excluding the more volatile food and energy components.14
Orders for durable goods rose 2.4 percent, powered by a surge in defense-related orders. Orders for nondefense capital goods, excluding aircraft – a measure of business investment – was weak, decreasing 0.9 percent.15
In January, the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) members voted unanimously to keep short-term interest rates unchanged. The Fed indicated that it remains comfortable with maintaining rates at their current levels until further data is available to illustrate how the economy is responding to the three rate cuts in 2019.
In a post-meeting press conference, Fed Chairman Jerome Powell weighed in on the recent outbreak of the coronavirus, suggesting it was too soon to assess the economic impact. He added that the Fed would respond to changing conditions should they have a material effect on the committee’s current economic assessment.16
Total the U.S. is expected to spend on Valentine's Day in 202017
Percent of Americans who celebrate Valentine’s Day18
Average amount spent per person for the holiday18
Average cost of gifts to a spouse19
Average amount spent on children19
Average amount spent on friends19
Average amount spent on pets19
Total amount spent on jewelry during Valentine’s season20
Total amount spent on flowers20
Total amount spent on candy20
Total amount spent on greeting cards20
Year of the first-known Valentine’s message sent by the Duke of Orleans to his wife21
Year of the first printed Valentine’s card, from a Ms. Mossday to a Mr. Brown of London21
Most expensive bouquet of roses in recorded history22
Percent of respondents who gave jewelry23
Percent of respondents who gave candy or sweets as a gift23
The content is developed from sources believed to be providing accurate information. The information in this material is not intended as tax or legal advice. Please consult legal or tax professionals for specific information regarding your individual situation. This material was developed and produced by FMG Suite to provide information on a topic that may be of interest. FMG Suite, LLC, is not affiliated with the named representative, broker-dealer, state- or SEC-registered investment advisory firm. The opinions expressed and material provided are for general information and should not be considered a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any security.
Investing involves risks, and investment decisions should be based on your own goals, time horizon and tolerance for risk. The return and principal value of investments will fluctuate as market conditions change. When sold, investments may be worth more or less than their original cost.
Any companies mentioned are for illustrative purposes only. It should not be considered a solicitation for the purchase or sale of the securities. Any investment should be consistent with your objectives, time frame and risk tolerance.
The forecasts or forward-looking statements are based on assumptions, may not materialize and are subject to revision without notice.
The market indexes discussed are unmanaged and generally considered representative of their respective markets. Individuals cannot directly invest in unmanaged indexes. Past performance does not guarantee future results.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average is an unmanaged index that is generally considered representative of large-capitalization companies on the U.S. stock market. The S&P 500 Composite index is an unmanaged group of securities considered to be representative of the stock market in general. The Nasdaq Composite is an index of the common stocks and similar securities listed on the NASDAQ stock market and is considered a broad indicator of the performance of stocks of technology companies and growth companies. The Russell 1000 Index is an index that measures the performance of the highest-ranking 1,000 stocks in the Russell 3000 Index, which is comprised of 3,000 of the largest U.S. stocks. The MSCI EAFE Index was created by Morgan Stanley Capital International (MSCI) that serves as a benchmark of the performance in major international equity markets as represented by 21 major MSCI indexes from Europe, Australia and Southeast Asia. Index performance is not indicative of the past performance of a particular investment. Past performance does not guarantee future results. Individuals cannot invest directly in an index. The return and principal value of stock prices will fluctuate as market conditions change. And shares, when sold, may be worth more or less than their original cost.
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1. The Wall Street Journal, January 31, 2020
2. Factset Research, January 31, 2020
3. Ballotpedia.com, January 2020
4. MSCI.com, January 31, 2020
5. MSCI.com, January 31, 2020
6. The Wall Street Journal, January 30, 2020
7. The Wall Street Journal, January 10, 2020
8. The Wall Street Journal, January 16, 2020
9. CNBC.com, January 16, 2020
10. The Wall Street Journal, January 10, 2020
11. Reuters.com, January 17, 2020
12. The Wall Street Journal, January 22, 2020
13. CNBC.com, January 27, 2020
14. The Wall Street Journal, January 14, 2020
15. The Wall Street Journal, January 28, 2020
16. The Wall Street Journal, January 29, 2020
17. TheBalance.com, 2020
18. Finders.com, January 16, 2019
19. Finders.com, January 16, 2019
20. KHOU.com, February 13, 2019
21. HistoryExtra.com, February 13, 2019
22. IdealHome, January 30, 2019
23. Statista.com, February 14, 2017